Learning the Lingo: The New Social Circle

Trying to sort through Web 2.0 terminology? Here’s a guide.

Posted on Feb 02, 2009

Blog: a contraction of the term weblog; a website, usually maintained by an individual with regular entries of commentary, descriptions of events, or other material such as graphics or video. Entries are commonly displayed in reverse chronological order. “Blog” can also be used as a verb, meaning to maintain or add content to a blog. Cloud computing: Internet-based (“cloud”) development and use of computer technology (“computing”). The cloud is a metaphor for the Internet, based on how it is depicted in computer network diagrams, and is an abstraction for the complex infrastructure it conceals. It is a style of computing in which IT-related capabilities are provided as a service, allowing users to access technology-enabled services from the Internet (“in the cloud”) without knowledge of, expertise with, or control over the technology infrastructure that supports them. Folksonomy: also known as collaborative tagging, social classification, social indexing, and social tagging; the practice and method of collaboratively creating and managing tags to annotate and categorize content. Folksonomy describes the bottom-up classification systems that emerge from social tagging. In contrast with traditional subject indexing, metadata is generated not only by experts, but also by creators and consumers of content. Usually, freely chosen keywords are used instead of a controlled vocabulary. Folksonomy (folk + taxonomy) is a user-generated taxonomy. Instant messaging (IM): a form of real-time communication between two or more people based on typed text conveyed via devices connected over a network, such as the Internet. Mashup: a Web application that combines data from more than one source into a single integrated tool. The term implies easy, fast integration, frequently done by access to open APIs and data sources to produce results data owners had no idea could be produced. An example is the use of cartographic data from Google Maps to add location information to real-estate data, thereby creating a new and distinct Web service that was not originally provided by either source. Podcast: a series of audio or video digital media files distributed over the Internet by syndicated download, through Web feeds, to portable media players and PCs. Though the same content may also be available by direct download or streaming, a podcast is distinguished from other digital media formats by its ability to be syndicated, subscribed to, and downloaded automatically when new content is added. Twitter: a free social networking and micro-blogging service that lets its users send and read other users’ updates (known as tweets), which are text-based posts of up to 140 characters in length. Updates are displayed on the user’s profile page and delivered to other users who have signed up to receive them. Web 2.0: describes the changing trends in the use of World Wide Web technology and Web design that aim to enhance the creativity, communications, secure information sharing, collaboration, and functionality of the Web. Web 2.0 concepts have led to the development and evolution of Web culture communities and hosted services, such as social networking sites, video sharing sites, wikis, blogs, and folksonomies. Wiki: a page or collection of Web pages designed to enable anyone who accesses it to contribute or modify content, using a simplified markup language. Wikis are often used to create collaborative websites and to power community websites. Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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